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Everything You Need to Know About Keloids: Prevention and Practical Tips

Keloids are thick, raised scars that can form after a skin injury such as a piercing, burn, or surgical incision. While not medically dangerous, they can be aesthetically bothersome and sometimes uncomfortable. Here's everything you need to know about preventing them:


What is a Keloid?

Keloids are hypertrophic scars that form when the skin's healing process becomes excessive. They are distinguished by their thickening compared to the surrounding skin, often accompanied by a different coloration and sometimes itching.


Risk Factors:

Several factors can increase the risk of developing keloids:

  • Genetic Predisposition: A family history of keloids significantly increases the risk.

  • Skin Type: People with darker skin tones are more prone to keloids.

  • Type of Injury: Deep or repeated injuries, such as piercings or burns, are more likely to lead to keloids.

  • Age and Gender: Young adults, particularly women, are more at risk.


Preventing Keloids:

While genetic predisposition cannot be changed, there are measures to reduce the risk of keloids:

  1. Proper Wound Care: Clean the injured area regularly with sterile saline solution and avoid irritants. Practical Examples:

  • Avoid excessive manipulation of the pierced or injured area.

  • Avoid applying products like perfume directly on the wounded area, as they may contain irritating substances.

  1. Avoiding Repeated Trauma: Protect the injured area from excessive friction, tight clothing, and irritating chemicals. Practical Examples:

  • Avoid scratching or rubbing the wounded area.

  • Choose high-quality jewelry for piercings and avoid allergenic materials.

  1. Early Medical Consultation: If you have a family history of keloids or notice early signs of excessive scarring, consult a dermatologist.


Conclusion:

Preventing keloids involves careful management of skin injuries and reducing known risk factors. By adopting simple practices in daily life and staying vigilant, it is possible to significantly reduce the risk of developing keloids. If you are at risk or have concerns, don't hesitate to consult a healthcare professional for advice tailored to your specific situation.

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